The greatest historical players and their virtual ratings as calculated by Professor Arpad Elo in 1978.

# Name Rating Born  
1 Capablanca Cuba 1 2725 1888
2 Botvinnik Soviet Union 2 2720 1911
3 Lasker Germany 3 2720 1868
4 Tal Soviet Union 4 2700 1936
5 Alekhine Russian Federation 5 2690 1892
6 Morphy United States 6 2690 1837
7 Smyslov Soviet Union 7 2690 1921
8 Petrosian Soviet Union 8 2680 1929
9 Reshevsky Poland 9 2680 1911
10 Spassky Soviet Union 10 2680 1937
11 Bronstein Soviet Union 11 2670 1924
12 Keres Soviet Union 12 2670 1916
13 Korchnoi Soviet Union 13 2665 1931
14 Fine United States 14 2660 1914
15 Geller Soviet Union 15 2655 1925
16 Boleslavsky Soviet Union 16 2650 1919
17 Euwe Netherlands 17 2650 1901
18 Steinitz Austrian Empire 18 2650 1836
19 Rubinstein Poland 19 2640 1882
20 Najdorf Poland 20 2635 1910
21 Pillsbury United States 21 2630 1872
22 Portisch Hungary 22 2630 1937
23 Timman Netherlands 23 2630 1951
24 Flohr Poland 24 2620 1908
25 Gligoric Yugoslavia 25 2620 1923
26 Kholmov Soviet Union 26 2620 1925
27 Kotov Soviet Union 27 2620 1913
28 Larsen Denmark 28 2620 1935
29 Maroczy Hungary 29 2620 1870
30 Stein Soviet Union 30 2620 1934
31 Averbakh Soviet Union 31 2615 1922
32 Nimzowitsch Russian Federation 32 2615 1886
33 Andersson Sweden 33 2610 1951
34 Bogoljubow Russian Federation 34 2610 1889
35 Furman Soviet Union 35 2610 1920
36 Ljubojevic Yugoslavia 36 2610 1950
37 Szabo Hungary 37 2610 1917
38 Tarrasch Germany 38 2610 1862
39 Mecking Brazil 39 2608 1952
40 Polugaevsky Soviet Union 40 2605 1934
41 Anderssen Germany 41 2600 1818
42 Chigorin Russian Federation 42 2600 1850
43 Schlechter Austrian Empire 43 2600 1874
44 Taimanov Soviet Union 44 2600 1926
45 Vidmar Austrian-Hungarian Empire 45 2600 1885
46 Von der Lasa Germany 46 2600 1818
47 Zukertort Poland 47 2600 1842

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